The economic development has been greatly improved, and the ecological environment has been greatly improved —— A series of press conferences on the theme of "China this decade" focused on the constru

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 12thTitle: The economic development has been greatly improved, and the ecological environment has been greatly improved — — The series of press conferences on the theme of "Ten Years in China" focused on the construction and reform in the fields of economy and ecological civilization.

  Xinhua news agency reporter

  Building a well-off society in an all-round way, starting a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, the new development concept is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and the economic and social development and ecological civilization construction have made a landmark achievement … …

  On the 12th, the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee held the third news conference on the theme of "Ten Years in China", focusing on the construction and reform in the fields of economy and ecological civilization.

  On May 12th, the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held a series of press conferences on the theme of "Ten Years in China" in Beijing, and invited Han Wenxiu, deputy director of the Central Finance Office in charge of daily work, Hu Zucai, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, Tommy, vice minister of science and technology, Ye Min, vice minister of ecology and environment, Wang Shouwen, deputy representative of the Ministry of Commerce and international trade negotiations, and Chen Yulu, deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China, to introduce the construction and reform in the field of economy and ecological civilization, and answer questions from reporters. Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xin photo

  Facing difficulties and turning challenges into opportunities

  This is a decade in which China’s economic strength has reached a big step. It is a decade in which innovation, coordinated development, green development, open development and shared development have been solidly promoted. It is a decade in which the economic system and ecological civilization system have been continuously reformed and improved … …

















  Eco-environmental governance system is an important part of the modernization of national governance system and governance capacity, and it is also an important institutional guarantee to achieve the goal of beautiful China. In 2020, the Central Office and the State Council issued the Guiding Opinions on Building a Modern Environmental Governance System, which clarified the basic contents of the modern environmental governance system for the first time.

  Ye Min, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said that in terms of consolidating the main responsibilities of the party and government, the central government and the provinces have separately drawn up lists of responsibilities for ecological environmental protection, and the CPC Central Committee has assessed the effectiveness of the provincial party committees and governments in fighting against pollution, and carried out and continuously deepened the central ecological environmental protection inspectors.

  With regard to the construction of ecological environment ruled by law, since the 13th Five-Year Plan, 13 laws and 17 administrative regulations have been revised successively, including the Law on Prevention and Control of Air, Water and Soil Pollution. The National People’s Congress Standing Committee (NPCSC) conducts law enforcement inspection in the field of ecological environment every year, and strengthens the connection between administrative law enforcement and criminal justice.

  In terms of improving the market mechanism, the national carbon emission trading market started online trading. Establish a compensation mechanism for horizontal ecological protection in the Yangtze River and Yellow River basins. Establish a national green development fund. The role of green finance and taxation has been continuously enhanced.

  At the same time, more than 3.3 million fixed pollution sources in China will be brought into the sewage management to guide the transformation and development of enterprises in low-carbon life. Promote a green lifestyle.

  "The construction of environmental governance system has a long way to go." Ye Min said, it is necessary to further compact the responsibility of local ecological environment protection, improve the vertical management system of monitoring, supervision and law enforcement of ecological environment institutions below the provincial level, continuously strengthen the responsibility of corporate environmental governance, and strengthen social supervision and market system construction.

  Unswervingly expand high-level opening to the outside world

  Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has made solid progress in opening up and development. Wang Shouwen, vice minister of commerce and deputy representative of international trade negotiations, said that the total trade in goods and services in 2012 was 4.4 trillion US dollars, ranking second in the world; In 2021, it increased to 6.9 trillion US dollars, ranking first in the world for two consecutive years.

  Institutional opening has been accelerated. Wang Shouwen introduced that in 2013, China launched the first negative list of foreign investment access in the Pilot Free Trade Zone, and the number of restrictions was reduced from 190 to 27 at present; In 2016, the negative list management model for foreign investment access was implemented nationwide, and the number of restrictive measures was reduced from the initial 93 to 31; In 2020, the foreign investment law will be implemented; In 2021, the first negative list of cross-border service trade was launched in Hainan. Set up 21 pilot free trade zones, and replicate and promote 278 institutional innovations to the whole country. The construction of Hainan Free Trade Port has started, and more than 120 institutional innovations have been launched.

  "The implementation of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) this year means that the free trade zone with the largest population and the largest economic and trade scale in the world has officially landed." Wang Shouwen said that China will actively promote its accession to the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (CPTPP) and the Digital Economy Partnership Agreement (DEPA), and take a new step towards the goal of a high-standard free trade agreement.

  Firmly hold the bottom line of no systemic financial risks.

  "Put steady growth in a more prominent position, strengthen cross-cycle policy adjustment, and actively plan incremental policy tools." Chen Yulu, deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China, said: We will continue to stabilize the total amount of credit, reduce financing costs, strengthen financial support for key areas and weak links, and increase further support for the real economy.

  In response to the impact of the epidemic, the prudent monetary policy was strengthened and the macroeconomic market remained stable. China promptly issued 23 policies and measures to strengthen financial services and increase support for the real economy, and newly issued a number of structural monetary policy tools to accurately increase support for weak links such as green development and small and micro enterprises.

  Chen Yulu said that after concentrated attack, the risk points accumulated in China’s financial system for a long time have been effectively dealt with, and the financial risks are generally convergent and controllable. Financial risks in key institutions and key areas have been steadily resolved, and the number of high-risk small and medium-sized financial institutions has dropped significantly. The special rectification of Internet financial risks was successfully completed, and the financial services of Internet platform enterprises were all included in the supervision. The trend of financialization and bubble in the real estate market has been effectively curbed, and the hidden debt risks of local governments have been properly resolved.

  Chen Yulu said that the next step will be to pay equal attention to risk prevention and resolution and long-term mechanism construction, financial risk disposal and anti-corruption, and to improve the effectiveness of supervision and reform, innovation and development. We will continue to do a good job in risk prevention and resolution and firmly hold the bottom line that systematic financial risks will not occur. (Reporter An Bei, Wu Yu, Gao Jing, Hu Zhe, Wang Yuxiao)