Sesame dumplings celebrate the Lantern Festival, and keep healthy during the holidays.

glossy ganoderma



-Little things make a big difference-

"Picking up sesame seeds and losing watermelon", a phrase that China people are familiar with, is extended to focus only on unimportant little things and ignore much more important events. However, from the perspective of people’s daily life and health care, sesame has many uses.

Sesame, which is commonly known today, has several names in ancient times: Shennong Herbal Classic in the Eastern Han Dynasty is called flax and Jusheng; In the Tang Dynasty, Meng Ao’s Herbal Medicine for Dietotherapy was called Youma. In the Song Dynasty, Kou Zongxuan’s "Materia Medica Yanyi" was called fat hemp, and so on.

For the name of flax and Jusheng, Tao Hongjing explained it earlier in the Northern and Southern Dynasties, saying that it was "born in Dawan, so it was named flax". He also said that "the pure black man wins a great victory, and the giant is great." Dawan is one of the ancient "Western Regions", located in fergana valley, Central Asia. In the Ming Dynasty, Li Shizhen, based on previous records and his own opinions, said that flax was named after "Han made Zhang Qian get oil flax seeds from Dawan", and pointed out that "oil flax and fat flax can adjust its fatty oil". Liyao’s History of the Development of Cultivated Plants in China states that Hemp is a native plant in China, and its origin is in Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. However, for thousands of years, flax has been more frequently found in China literature. It may be due to the fact that "the people who come out of Hu Di are all fat … their color is purple and black, and they take more oil" ("Materia Medica").

Black sesame was originally eaten as one of the cereals in ancient China, but in the course of eating, it was gradually found that it not only can satisfy hunger, but also has some health care functions. Ge Hong’s Bao Puzi in Jin Dynasty said: "A giant is better than a flax, and the bait is not old." According to the literature of past dynasties, black sesame has many health care and medical effects, such as treating deficiency and winning, nourishing five internal organs, invigorating qi, strengthening muscles, strengthening brain marrow, brightening eyes and ears, blackening beard and hair, alopecia, benefiting large intestine, and promoting lactation of parturient. Grinding raw black sesame seeds into mud can be used for external treatment of burns and long-term unhealed wounds.

Sesame oil is also called sesame oil, sesame oil and sesame oil. Li Shizhen said that "sesame oil is the most important medicine, followed by white sesame oil". Oral sesame oil can prevent constipation, but it is not suitable for people with thin stools. There is a folk way to treat cough after a cold by using sesame oil: after one or two sesame oils are heated, a fresh egg is poured in, and then boiled with boiling water to stir well. When it is warm, drink it once in the morning and once in the evening. It is said that drinking this method for two to three days can achieve curative effect. Su Song’s "Materia Medica" in Song Dynasty introduced that applying sesame oil to the sore can relieve the pain of sore and promote wound healing. According to Sun Zhihong’s Concise Medicine in Ming Dynasty, after the operation of opening the anus, the baby’s congenital anal atresia was treated with silk and silk, which was rolled into thick round strips equivalent to fingers and stuffed into the anus with sesame oil, which not only promoted the healing of the surgical wound, but also prevented the anal wound from adhesion and stenosis. As far as the historical conditions were concerned, this measure was quite scientific.

According to modern scientific analysis, the oil content of sesame seeds is as high as more than 50%, and it contains many essential ingredients such as oleic acid, linoleic acid, vitamin E, folic acid, lecithin, protein and a lot of calcium. Vitamin E rich in sesame, also known as tocopherol, is beneficial to development, preventing miscarriage, delaying arteriosclerosis and aging, and preventing neurodermatitis. The lecithin contained in it plays an important role in maintaining the function of brain tissue, delaying aging, improving the function of heart and cerebrovascular, etc., which can be called "small things make great achievements"!

Sesame can be made into sesame paste, sesame cake, sesame paste and other foods, and sesame oil can be used for cooking dishes. In daily life, people eat sesame and sesame oil properly, which is not insignificant.

Source: "Food is the most important thing for people"

Author: Fu Weikang

Editor: Perilla frutescens

Source: Network

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